The real 300 – Documentary 2017

Pledge 1$/month to support this channel – Meanwhile the Persians entered the pass and sent a mounted scout to reconnoiter. The Greeks allowed him to come up to the camp, observe them and depart. When the scout reported to Xerxes the size of the Greek force, and that the Spartans were indulging in calisthenics and combing their long hair, Xerxes found the reports laughable. Seeking the counsel of a Greek in his employ, Demaratus, he was told that the Spartans were preparing for battle and that it was their custom to adorn their hair beforehand. They were the bravest men in Greece, he said, and they intended to dispute the pass.

Xerxes remained incredulous. According to another account, he did send emissaries to the Greek forces. At first he asked Leonidas to join him and offered him the kingship of all of Greece. Leonidas answered, “If you knew what is good in life, you would abstain from wishing for foreign things. For me it is better to die for Greece than to be monarch over my compatriots.”[25]

Then Xerxes asked him more forcefully to surrender their arms. To this Leonidas gave his noted answer, Μολών Λαβέ, which means “Come take them.” This quote has been repeated by many later generals and politicians, in order to express the Greeks’ determination to risk a sacrifice rather than surrender without a fight. It is today the emblem of the Greek First Army Corps.

Greek morale was high. Herodotus wrote that when Dienekes, a Spartan soldier, was informed that Persian arrows would be so numerous as to blot out the sun, he remarked with characteristically laconic prose, “So much the better, we shall fight in the shade.” Today Dienekes’s phrase is the motto of the Greek 20th Armored Division.

Xerxes waited four days for the Greek force to disperse. On the fifth day he ordered the Medes and the Cissians to take them prisoner and bring them before him.

Failure of the frontal assault

Xerxes sent in the Medes at first perhaps because he preferred them for their bravery or perhaps, as Diodorus Siculus suggested,[26] because he wanted them to bear the brunt of the fighting—the Medes had been only recently conquered by the Persians.

The Medes coming up to take the Greeks prisoner soon found themselves in a frontal assault. The Greeks had camped on either side of the rebuilt Phocian wall. The fact that it was guarded shows that the Greeks were using it to establish a reference line for the battle, but they fought in front of it.

Details of the tactics are somewhat scant. The Greeks probably deployed in a phalanx, a wall of overlapping shields and layered spearpoints, spanning the entire width of the pass. Herodotus says that the units for each state were kept together. The Persians, armed with arrows and short spears, could not break through the long spears of the Greek phalanx, nor were their lightly armored men a match for the superior armor, weaponry, and discipline of the Greek hoplites.

And yet there are some indications they did not fight entirely in close formation. They made use of the feint to draw the Medes in, pretending to retreat in disorder only to turn suddenly and attack the pursuing Medes. In this way, they killed so many Medes that Xerxes is said to have started up off the seat from which he was watching the battle three times. According to Ctesias the first wave numbered 10,000 soldiers and was commanded by Artapanus.

The king then withdrew the Medes. Having taken the measure of the enemy, he threw the best troops he had into a second assault: The Immortals, an elite corps of 10,000 men. On his side, Leonidas had arranged a system of relays between the hoplites of the various cities so as to constantly have fresh troops on the front line. Yet in the heat of the battle, the units did not get a chance to rotate. Being able to approach the Greek line only in such numbers as the space allowed, the Immortals succeeded no better than the Medes. Xerxes had to withdraw them also. The first day of battle probably ended here.

The assault failed again. The account of the slain gives some indication of why: The wall of bodies must have broken up the Persian line and detracted from their morale. History judges them perhaps too harshly. Climbing over the bodies they could see that they had stepped into a killing machine, but the officers behind prevented them from withdrawing. The king at last stopped the assault and withdrew to his camp, totally perplexed. He now knew that a head-on confrontation against Spartan-led troops in a narrow place was the wrong approach. Thank you for helping me reach 50.000 subscribers. This is your small gift from me

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Comment (89)

  1. " It is believed, people say, they believe", these are not words I want to hear in the beginning of a historic documentary. Might as well say I believe they fought on unicorns and Zeus was striking the persians with his lightning bolts.

  2. The grays helped them, aliens have been proved time and again to have been there helping rome craft there fighting skills. It's basically the grays wanted to help the white man kill the purs bc. They are the Mexicans of the past so the grays helped us get rid of them fuckers by probing Greek men with gold fighting bars up there asses thank god rome won that war but thank the aliens for their help. I've been blessed with a ancient video places in my head by aliens showing me that grays helped the Romans with the fight.

  3. Bullshits, Xerxes wanted to punish Athenian, he didn't send a large army, just imagine 300 vs 2 millions, how is it possible? you can't beat 2 million soldiers even in a video game, just think of it , how Xerxes could move such a large army to a long distance, what about their foods? the 300 story is one of the biggest historical bluffs, Xerxes just wanted to punish athenian for sending rebels into Persia ,i read somewhere that every time Persian attacked Athena , Athenian used to run away to acropolis temple which was on the top of a mountain ande wait till persian solidiers leave the city so they could come down and shout everywhere that persians scared of our gods and ran away from us that motivated Persian to attack Athena again and again , Xerxes burnt Athena 7 times!
    these liars want to show greece as the Cradle of culture, arts and democracy, and Persians as devils who want to destroy the democracy and civilization !!
    to any one who watched this video or "300" movies , i request you to read about persia , just google it , persians were the greatest and the biggest empire in the history, Iran is the oldest country in the world and other countries like india , china were all under influence of persia ,even china got its name from persian , the name "china" has created by persian (read the wikipedia)
    the Cyrus Cylinder has declared the relic to be the first ancient declaration of human rights in the history by United Nations in 1971
    persia (iran) is known as the Cradle of Civilization since 15000 years ago when europeans were living in cave and hit eachother with bone !

  4. bonkers ! there were a shit loads of arcadians and more spartans than 300 and on top of that the greeks took armys from local villages and even the peasants villages that were sacked by persians. 300 greeks maybe but about 3000 more blackmailed solders from outside territories ! when they say 300 spartans what they should say is 300 of the best generals, corporals etc etc to lead thousands of troops. having said that it is still impossible but when the gods help out you get somewhere

  5. "Ephialtes of Sophonides" (461BC – ) was also the name of the great Athenian revolutionary and leader of the democrats who lead a movement which overthrew the aristocratic rule of the judiciary body of "Areios Pagos" and established the first true Athenian Democracy. The Athenian people under his urge started convicting and executing the members of "Areios Pagos" one by one for disloyalty against the "demos". The aristocrats were so terrified of Ephialtes and their possible fate that were seeing him in their nightmares, hence the word "ephialtes" today means "bad dream" in Greek. This is the true history of the word. The Ephialtes of Thermopylae was probably an invented name (possibly even an invented character) by Herodotus who wanted to smear the name of the revolutionary democrat Ephialtes down to history as Herodotus (and pretty much all of the well known ancient Greek historians) was of wealthy origins and had strong aristocratic/oligarchic and anti-democratic convictions. Not many people know of Ephialtes of Sophonides (as he was carefully pretty much erased from the historical record by aristocrats historians) but he was actually the mentor of Pericles, who everybody knows. He was the leader of the revolution which actually established Democracy and was of poor origins in contrast to Pericles who was of aristocratic origins.

  6. I love this documentary because it's informative and it not only shows the great and awsome parts of Spartan warriors and their society but also the bad stuff like how cruel they were with slaves

  7. The last stand of Leonidas and his 300 Spartans at the pass of Thermopylae 480 BC was an example of what a few brave men can accomplish once they refused to submit to tyranny.

  8. I'm sure the statement non of them will survive that's false one or two (some say one some say 2) but two came bk one hung himself cause he felt honour and pride left him when he walked away. Abd one general came bk and everyone thought he was a coward then he earned his respect by charging in suicidal dash in platea soothes gave him a proper burial. I think he was that guy at the end of the 300 2006 film the motivational speech bit he died shortly after. So that statement is aload of shit

  9. After studying and observing the history of that period, I've come to loathe the story of Thermopylae. Everything about it is a gross exaggeration.

    It ultimately didn't really buy time or stop the Persian onslaught on Athens. Athens still got sacked and the people had evacuated reasonably quickly. The Persians weren't slowed down in any dramatic fashion either.

    Furthermore, the idea of "free people vs evil Empire" is crazy. Greeks practiced slavery. The persians? Oddly enough did not.

    And the kicker? Persia later allied with Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, crushing Athens.

  10. Amazed… Watched this in class and loved it but only watched about 59 minutes because my laptop went flat gonna watch more later


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